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The origin of chocolate Labrador Retrievers
by Jack Vanderwyk
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Heron's Court, Malmesbury residence
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Labrador Statistics from 1870 to 2004
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Studying the pedigrees of chocolate Labrador Retrievers, you often wonder where the chocs are coming from. All of a sudden they are there, out of the blue. I studied the files in the LabradorNet database, which contains the pedigrees of more than 34,000 Labradors, and came to the conclusion that there are roughly 8 routes to the origin of chocolate Labs.
One of the reasons that you'll find no chocolate Labs in the older files, is that they weren't in fashion for many decades, so they just weren't registered. However, the blacks and the yellows carrying the choc gene kept reproducing, and that's why we're able to trace them all the way back to the late 1800s.
According to the studbook of Buccleuch Kennels, the chocolates in that kennel came through FTW Peter of Faskally (1908). However, Peter of Faskally was a descendant of Buccleuch Avon (1885).
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Buccleuch Avon
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Peter of Faskally
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The Earl of Feversham had some typical specimen of chocolates, his Nawton Pruna (who produced yellow offspring) doing well at field trials in the years preceding the First World War.
One of the chief supporters of chocolates was the Hon. Lady Ward of Chiltonfoliat, near Hungerford, the dogs from her kennel being very typical with particularly good tails and coats. Her chocolate bitch FTW Darry of Chiltonfoliat (Braeroy Darkie) (1930) was sired by an unregistered chocolate dog called Jimmy, while her dam descended from the chocolate Flatcoat Clyde (see further down).
Mr. J.G. Severn of Tibshelf Kennels wrote: "My first experience of the chocolate Labradors was in February, 1938, when I visited Dr. Montgomery of Sutton Ashfield, about three miles from Tibshelf. We had mated his black bitch Shelagh of Brasidonia to my black dog Danilo of Tibshelf. Result: 4 blacks, 2 chocolate dogs, 1 cream bitch. I later bought Shelagh and mated her again to Danilo. Result just the same."
Miss Wills of Metesford Kennels produced several chocolates in the late 1940s, early 1950s, but their descendence is not known.

Further more we should keep in mind that there are a lot of missing links in our database, and sometimes the reasons for this are rather obvious. I found 21 interbred or fullbred Flatcoats or Chesapeake Bay retrievers in our Labrador retriever database, all born in the U.K. between 1914 and 1933. Of all the 21 interbred or fullbred Flatcoats or Chesapeake Bay retrievers, most of them being Field Trial champions, we could only track the ancestors for more than two generations of two dogs. The information about the ancestors of the other 19 interbred dogs was simply removed from the files in the 1930s. It seems that some well known Labrador breeders didn't want the public to know that their succesful dogs were partly the offspring of interbred dogs. 

Two well known Chesapeake Bay retrievers were a dog called Jolly, who sired the male Labrador retriever Jolly Sam, born before 1933, and the bitch Corydalys, who was the dam of the female Labrador retriever Micklefield Juno, born before 1925. Clyde, born before 1923, was the "liver" (chocolate) Flatcoat retriever who sired the male yellow Labrador FTW Folkingham Bexter (1925), who in turn sired the yellow bitch FTW Limekiln Rhoda (1927). She and the yellow dog FTW Golden Morn (1926) had a litter that was registered as "half Golden Retriever and half Labradors". The separation was by coat length, because all puppies were yellow. Apparently the third generation showed some traits of the original breed involved.
 

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Sandylands Mark
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Route 1 (version 1): Morningtown Tobla (f, choc, < 1976) - Brentville Ebony (f, black, <1974)- Knavery Mistress Meg (f, black < 1972) - Sandylands Mark (m, black, 1965) - Reanacre Mallardhurn Thunder (m, black, 1960) - Mallardhurn Pat (f, yellow, < 1958) - Poppleton Lieutenant (m, yellow, 1949) - Poppleton Golden Sunray (f, yellow, < 1947) - Poppleton Golden Major (m, yellow, < 1940) - Poppleton Black Lancer (m, black, 1934) - Haylers Danilo (m, black < 1932) - Banchory Danilo (m, black, 1923) - Banchory Bolo (m, black, 1915) - Scandal of Glynn (m, black, < 1913) - Shelag of Glynn (f, black, < 1911) - Shelag (f, colour unknown, < 1909) - Munden Sentry (m, black, 1900) - Munden Sixty (m, black, 1897) - Buccleuch Nith (m, black, 1891) - Buccleuch Avon (m, black, 1885) - Malmesbury Tramp (m, black, 1878).
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Reanacre Mallardhurn Thunder
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Route 1 (version 2): Morningtown Tobla (f, choc, < 1976) - Brentville Ebony (f, black, <1974)- Knavery Mistress Meg (f, black < 1972) - Sandylands Mark (m, black, 1965) - Reanacre Mallardhurn Thunder (m, black, 1960) - Mallardhurn Pat (f, yellow, < 1958) - Poppleton Lieutenant (m, yellow, 1949) - Poppleton Golden Sunray (f, yellow, < 1947) - Poppleton Golden Major (m, yellow, < 1940) - Poppleton Black Lancer (m, black, 1934) - Haylers Danilo (m, black < 1932) - Boris de Main (f, yellow, < 1930), child of: Sceptre (m, colour unknown, not registered, < 1928) and Countess (f, colour unknown, not registered, < 1928). However, Buccleuch Avon, born in 1885, so almost 40 years before, is known to have produced some chocolate offspring, so it's more likely that either his sire Malmesbury Tramp, or his dam Malmesbury June (f, black, 1880), or both, already carried the chocolate gene.


Follytower Merrybrook Black Stormer
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Route 2: Follytower Merrybrook Black Stormer (m, black, 1969) - Sandylands Tandy (m, yellow, 1961) - Sandylands Shadow (f, black, 1959) - Diant Pride (f, yellow, < 1957) - Poppleton Lieutenant (m, yellow, 1949) - Poppleton Golden Sunray (f, yellow, < 1947) - Poppleton Golden Major (m, yellow, < 1940) - Poppleton Black Lancer (m, black, 1934) - Haylers Danilo (m, black < 1932) - Banchory Danilo (m, black, 1923) - Banchory Bolo (m, black, 1915) - Scandal of Glynn (m, black, < 1913) - Shelag of Glynn (f, black, < 1911) - Shelag (f, colour unknown, < 1909) - Munden Sentry (m, black, 1900) - Munden Sixty (m, black, 1897) - Buccleuch Nith (m, black, 1891) - Buccleuch Avon (m, black, 1885) - Malmesbury Tramp (m, black, 1878).


Fabracken Comedy Star
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Route 3: Fabracken Comedy Star (m, black, 1979) - Martin of Mardas (m, black, 1975) - Ballyduff Marketeer (m, black, 1974) - Sandylands Mark (m, black, 1965) - Reanacre Mallardhurn Thunder (m, black, 1960) - Mallardhurn Pat (f, yellow, < 1958) - Poppleton Lieutenant (m, yellow, 1949) - Poppleton Golden Sunray (f, yellow, < 1947) - Poppleton Golden Major (m, yellow, < 1940) - Poppleton Black Lancer (m, black, 1934) - Haylers Danilo (m, black < 1932) - Banchory Danilo (m, black, 1923) - Banchory Bolo (m, black, 1915) - Scandal of Glynn (m, black, < 1913) - Shelag of Glynn (f, black, < 1911) - Shelag (f, colour unknown, < 1909) - Munden Sentry (m, black, 1900) - Munden Sixty (m, black, 1897) - Buccleuch Nith (m, black, 1891) - Buccleuch Avon (m, black, 1885) - Malmesbury Tramp (m, black, 1878).
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Martin of Mardas
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Route 4: Olivia of Blaircourt (f, black, < 1954) - Lawrie of Blaircourt (m, black, < 1952) - Fiona of Blaircourt (f, black, < 1950) - Treesholme Thunder (m, black, < 1948) - Triumph of Treesholme (m, yellow, < 1946) - Poppleton Golden Sherry (f, yellow, < 1944) - Poppleton Golden Gleam (f, yellow, < 1942) - Poppleton Golden Major (m, yellow, < 1940) - Poppleton Black Lancer (m, black, 1934) - Haylers Danilo (m, black < 1932) - Banchory Danilo (m, black, 1923) - Banchory Bolo (m, black, 1915) - Scandal of Glynn (m, black, < 1913) - Shelag of Glynn (f, black, < 1911) - Shelag (f, colour unknown, < 1909) - Munden Sentry (m, black, 1900) - Munden Sixty (m, black, 1897) - Buccleuch Nith (m, black, 1891) - Buccleuch Avon (m, black, 1885) - Malmesbury Tramp (m, black, 1878).
 

Sandylands Tweed of Blaircourt
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Route 5: Pride of Craigavon (m, chocolate, < 1974) - Taffy of Keithray (m, black, 1965) - Sandylands Tweed of Blaircourt (m, black, 1958) - Ruler of Blaircourt (m, black, 1956) - Olivia of Blaircourt (f, black, < 1954) - Lawrie of Blaircourt (m, black, < 1952) - Fiona of Blaircourt (f, black, < 1950) - Treesholme Thunder (m, black, < 1948) - Triumph of Treesholme (m, yellow, < 1946) - Poppleton Golden Sherry (f, yellow, < 1944) - Poppleton Golden Gleam (f, yellow, < 1942) - Poppleton Golden Major (m, yellow, < 1940) - Poppleton Black Lancer (m, black, 1934) - Haylers Danilo (m, black < 1932) - Banchory Danilo (m, black, 1923) - Banchory Bolo (m, black, 1915) - Scandal of Glynn (m, black, < 1913) - Shelag of Glynn (f, black, < 1911) - Shelag (f, colour unknown, < 1909) - Munden Sentry (m, black, 1900) - Munden Sixty (m, black, 1897) - Buccleuch Nith (m, black, 1891) - Buccleuch Avon (m, black, 1885) - Malmesbury Tramp (m, black, 1878).

Route 6: Cookridge Oscar (m, chocolate, < 1960) - Bickerton Salmon Prince (m, yellow, < 1958) - Blondie of Gloamin (f, yellow, < 1956) - Raider of Gloamin (m, colour unknown, < 1954) - Marquis of Gloamin (m, yellow, < 1944) - Poppleton Golden Major (m, yellow, < 1940) - Poppleton Black Lancer (m, black, 1934) - Haylers Danilo (m, black < 1932) - Banchory Danilo (m, black, 1923) - Banchory Bolo (m, black, 1915) - Scandal of Glynn (m, black, < 1913) - Shelag of Glynn (f, black, < 1911) - Shelag (f, colour unknown, < 1909) - Munden Sentry (m, black, 1900) - Munden Sixty (m, black, 1897) - Buccleuch Nith (m, black, 1891) - Buccleuch Avon (m, black, 1885) - Malmesbury Tramp (m, black, 1878).

Route 7: Chocolate Lady (f, chocolate, < 1954) - Harehope Bliss (m, black, 1936) - Weston Bunty (f, black, < 1934) - Adderley Tyke (m, black, 1929) - Adderley Trim (f, black, 1927) - Beningbrough Tanco (m, black, 1924) - Banchory Corbie (m, black, 1921) - Banchory Bolo (m, black, 1915) - Scandal of Glynn (m, black, < 1913) - Shelag of Glynn (f, black, < 1911) - Shelag (f, colour unknown, < 1909) - Munden Sentry (m, black, 1900) - Munden Sixty (m, black, 1897) - Buccleuch Nith (m, black, 1891) - Buccleuch Avon (m, black, 1885) - Malmesbury Tramp (m, black, 1878).
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Munden Sentry
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Route 8: Hiwood Mike (m, black, 1935), via Pettistree Dan (m, black, 1934) - Quest of Wilbury (f, black, 1930) - Muntham Raven (f, black, 1924) - Banchory Corbie (m, black, 1921) - Banchory Bolo (m, black, 1915) - Scandal of Glynn (m, black, < 1913) - Shelag of Glynn (f, black, < 1911) - Shelag (f, colour unknown, < 1909) - Munden Sentry (m, black, 1900) - Munden Sixty (m, black, 1897) - Buccleuch Nith (m, black, 1891) - Buccleuch Avon (m, black, 1885) - Malmesbury Tramp (m, black, 1878),
AND via Pettistree Poppet (f, colour unknown, < 1933) - Cransford Flapper (f, colour unknown, < 1931) - Peter of Bircham (m, colour unknown, < 1930) - Banchory Danilo (m, black, 1923) - Banchory Bolo (m, black, 1915) - Scandal of Glynn (m, black, < 1913) - Shelag of Glynn (f, black, < 1911) - Shelag (f, colour unknown, < 1909) - Munden Sentry (m, black, 1900) - Munden Sixty (m, black, 1897) - Buccleuch Nith (m, black, 1891) - Buccleuch Avon (m, black, 1885) - Malmesbury Tramp (m, black, 1878).

I researched some 30 well known chocolate Labrador Retrievers without any known chocolate anscestors, and their pedigrees all fit in with one (ore several) of the routes above. Please keep in mind that famous Labradors like Boothgates Headliner, Lindall Mollie Malone, Morningtown Stormette etc. all descend from Morningtown Tobla (route 1).

Aroscas Chocolate Surprise: route 1, via Sandylands Mark.
Bradking Cassandra: route 2, directly and via Ardmargha Mad Hatter and Sandylands Mark.
Brendale Brown Betty: route 2 and 5.
Brentwoods Sweet Molly Brown: route 2, via Mardas Brandlesholme Sam's Song.
Captain Kirk of Rangeways: route 1 and 2.
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Castlemore Bramble
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Castlemore Bramble: route 1 via Sandylands Mark, route 5 via Pride of Craigavon.
Charway Mattie Brown: route 3.
Charway Sally Brown: route 2.
Chocolate Lady: route 7, via Harehope Bliss.
Cookridge Oscar: route 6, via Bickerton Salmon Price.
Cookridge Tango: route 5, via Sandylands Tweed of Blaircourt.
Could Be's Chestnut Wrangler: route 4, via Could Be's Rusty Rock, Could Be's Haven Rock, Indian Valley Rob Roy, Bart of Blaircourt and Rush of Blaircourt.
Follytower Brownthorn: route 2, via Charway Blackthorn of Follytower.

Gunfield's Super Charger: route 8, via Shamrock Acres Super Drive, Super Chief, Paha Sapa Chief  II, Freehaven Muscles, Grangemead Sharon.
Gunotter's Chocolate Nip: route 5, via Harris Tweed of Ide and Sandylands Tweed of Blaircourt.
Haverhill's Brown Belle: route 1, via Dickendall Flip Flop, Sandylands Midas and Reanacre Mallardhurn Thunder.
Ironwood Cocoa Mocha: route 8, via Del Tone Colvin, Cork of Oakwood Lane, Coastal Charger of Deer Creek, Little Pierre of Deer Creek.
Lawnwoods Chocolate Fudge: directly via route 2, and route 1 via Lawnwoods Tapestry and Reanacre Mallardhurn Thunder.

Lawnwoods Hot Chocolate
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Lawnwoods Hot Chocolate: route 2.
Lenches Chocolate Liquor: Route 1 via Lasgarn Ludovic and Sandylands Mark.
Loughderg Fiona: route 4, via Ruler of Blaircourt.
Marbra Leprechaun: route 2.
Pride of Craigavon: route 5.
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Pumerang Connection With Stormley: route 2, the easy way via Harrop Black Jack, or take the detour via Stormley Lynx with Pumerang, Ravenshall Charmer at Stormley, Clayford Music At Midnight At Stormley, Lawnwoods Midnight Folly and Lawnwoods Fandango.
Roydwood Rowntree at Ravenshall: route 1 and 2, via Keithray Lucinda, Contessa of Keithray & Sandylands Tandy.
Simandem Sam Browne of Balrion: route 2, via Charway Blackthorn of Follytower.
Sorbus Brown Jay: route 5, via Alvgardens Sam, Alvgardens Jet, Alvgardens Flap, Sandylands Twanah and Sandylands Tweed of Blaircourt.
Tracers Sweet Georgia Brown: route 2, via Follytower Chevalier of Ranfurly and Follytower Augusta.
Waltham Galaxy of Condor: route 1, via Jayncourt Stormer and Sandylands Mark.
Whisky Creek Brown Buina: route 4, via Indian Valley Raed Wulf & Bart of Blaircourt.

Williston Brown Smith: route 1, via Sebastian of Anderscroft, Sandylands Midas and Reanacre Mallardhurn Thunder.

I'm pretty sure that at least 99% of all chocolate Labradors can be categorized using one of the 8 routes above.


Wetherlam Nutcracker, ancestor of most of my chocs.
 
 


Several routes can be taken to track the origin of chocolate Labs

 

 Read this story in Italian
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Jack Vanderwyk,
LabradorNet
May 5, 2003
http://labradornet.com
Email: info@labradornet.com


 
LabradorNet owner Jack Vanderwyk - 
expert on Labrador Retrievers
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From Wikipedia (search term "Labrador Retriever"): 
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Chocolate labradors 
Jack Vanderwyk traces the origins of all Chocolate labradors listed on the LabradorNet database (some 34,000 labradors dogs of all shades) to eight original bloodlines. However the shade was not seen as a distinct colour until the 20th century; before then according to Vanderwyk, such dogs can be traced but were not registered. A degree of crossbreeding with Flatcoat or Chesapeake Bay retrievers was also documented in the early 20th century, prior to recognition. Chocolate labradors were also well established in the early 20th century at the kennels of the Earl of Feversham, and Lady Ward of Chiltonfoliat.

The bloodlines as traced by Vanderwyk each lead back to three black labradors in the 1880s—Buccleuch Avon (m), and his sire and dam, Malmesbury Tramp (m), and Malmesbury June (f). Morningtown Tobla is also named as an important intermediary, and according to the studbook of Buccleuch Kennels, the chocolates in that kennel came through FTW Peter of Faskally (1908).

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In German: 
Jack Vanderwyk verfolgt den Ursprung der schokoladebraunen Labradore die in der LabradorNet Datenbank (circa 34.000 Labradore aller Farben) zurück auf acht ursprüngliche Stammbäume. Wie dem auch sei, die Farbnuance wurde nicht als eigenständige Farbe angesehen, bis ins 20. Jahrhundert hinein. Vor dieser Zeit, laut Vanderwyk, können diese Tiere zwar zurückverfolgt werden, sie waren aber nicht registriert. Ein gewisser Grad an Kreuzungen mit Flat Coat Retriever und Chesapeak Bay Retriever Hunden wurde Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts dokumentiert, noch vor der Anerkennung. Schokoladenfarbige Labrador Retriever waren in den Zuchten vom Earl of Feversham und in der Zucht von Lady Ward of Chiltonfoliat Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts auch stark vertreten.

Der Stammbäume die von Vanderwyk zurückverfolgt wurden führen zu drei schwarzen Labradoren während den 1880er Jahren: Buccleuch Avon (männlich) und die von ihm gezeugten Malmesbury Tramp (männlich) und Malmesbury June (weiblich). Momingtown Tobla wird auch als wichtiger Bestandteil der Entwicklung der schokoladenbraun farbigen Labradore vom Stammbuch des Buccleuch Kennels genannt, die braunen Tiere dieses Zuchtverbandes kamen von Peter of Faskally (1908).
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