Last update November, 2008
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Most of the information about U.K. interbred Labradors has been removed from the official registration files. Obviously one didn't want the public to know that one's high ranking field champions' bloodlines were mixed with those of Flatcoat Retrievers, Chesapeake Bay Retrievers and Golden Retrievers. How silly, and how wrong one was.
How lucky we are that some responsible breeders kept their own studbooks and didn't want to cooperate with the official registrars who fiddled their books.
I think it is the duty of the breed clubs to repair, maintain and improve the Labrador databases with all possible means, and publish these databases on the internet, free for everyone to use. Because the more we know about our dogs, the more we are able to breed wisely and responsibly.
In breeding it's important to know the ancestors of our breeding stock. Certain traits, coming from Flatcoats, may be desired in working Labradors, but may not be the right background for family dogs. More serious are certain genetic diseases, like the Ectopic Ureter Defect, a polygenetic condition in the Golden Retriever which at some point entered the Labrador Retriever breed. We need all information we can get, to support the scientists who try very hard to provide us with reliable DNA tests.
So, breed clubs and kennel clubs: open your files, digitalise the information, publish it on the internet and stop pretending the Labrador has been pure bred ever since 1874.
Interbred Retriever History
(taken from page 129 of 1949 Stud Book Reprint – C Mackay Sanderson)
Of what may be termed the minor retriever groups, the record of interbreds during the last period, conceding for limited numerical representation, must be regarded as extremely satisfactory.
While only about 30 were prominently concerned with working competition, from this section there emerged six F.T. Ch. and two actual winners of the Championship Stake, with another placed 3rd in the classic.
Those gaining the working qualification were F.T.Ch. Flashy, Dazzle, Stourhead Nero, Haulstone Bob, Black Druce, Greatford Quickstep. Eight breeding combinations were represented in the records of the period.
Officially designated as a cross between any two of the pure bred varieties, analysis of records indicates that the Labrador dog and interbred bitch took precedence in public favour, also proving the most successful in competition.
Five of the F.T.Ch. came under this heading and more than half the leading trial winners. A survey of statistics brings out the following analysis under the approved breeding combinations: - Labrador dog and interbred bitch (15), Golden dog and interbred bitch (5), interbred dog and Flat-coat bitch (2), Labrador dog and Flat-coat bitch (2), Yellow Labrador dog and Golden bitch (2), Flat-coat dog and interbred bitch (2).
The kennels prominently concerned with this phase of competition included those owned by the following: - The late Mr C Alington, The late Mr J Eccles, Sir Henry Hoare, Sir W J Smith Marriotts, Mr Wood Homer, Mr H Peacock.
The late Mr C Alington was undoubtedly the pioneer in this phase of development and it was largely due to his energy and enterprise that the group caught widespread recognition. Five stakes were won by two noted inmates of his kennel in Field Trial Championships, Flashy and Dazzle, which had the distinction of winning the Championship Stake in successive years, highlights of the period as far as the higher sphere of competition is concerned. Both were by the Labrador Start, Flashy being ex the interbred bitch Jubilee Daisy and Dazzle ex Duchess which was within a like province.
Flashy won the Championship Stake in 1921, being also first open event at the Kennel Club Meeting and 3rd in the Nomination Stake of the International Gun Dog League. The record of Dazzle was even more impressive, towering over all opposition over two seasons, his score sheet featuring 1st Nomination Stake, International Gun Dog League in 1921 and, in addition to victory in the Championship Stake the following year, Dazzle won the Open Stake of the Kennel Club and was 2nd in the National Stake. In 1920 a Scottish-owned dog in Mr McDouall’s Logan Darkie advertised merits of the group in emphatic fashion, winning the All-aged Stake of the Kennel Club and being 3rd in the Championship Event. Logan Darkie was by the Labrador Logan Lambert ex an interbred bitch, Logan Juno.
The Dorset trials can be pointed to as a
happy hunting ground of the group, Mr Wood Homer, in particular, enjoying
a remarkable run of success at this meeting with interbreds.
In 1924 Bardolf Doll, from the same kennel, was 2nd in the All-aged Stake at the Dorset meeting and her descent continued the successful penetration. Down House Bob, and Bardolf Carmen, son and daughter, were bracketed 3rd equal in the Puppy Stake in 1924, Down House Bob being 3rd in All-aged, 1925. Bardolf Betty, another daughter of Bardolf Doll, was placed 2nd in the Puppy Stake in 1923. The initial penetration by the group at the Dorset fixture was registered by Sir W J Smith Marriott’s Down House Pilot, a product of a Labrador- Flat-coat combination – which headed the field in the All-aged Stake in 1921.
Four years later Down House Bob, similarly
owned, was 3rd Equal in the Puppy Stake and placed 3rd All-Aged in 1925.
Early in the period placings at the Cheshire fixture gave impetus to the
fortunes of the group. In 1921 Bibby and Byke emerged, owned respectively
by The Late Mr P Barrett and Mr R E Birch. Apart from her competitive career,
Bibby, built up an unassailable reputation as a matron, her stock enjoying
amazing success as trial performers.
The kennel of the late Mr J Eccles supplied many colourful pages to history, being developed on astute lines with F.T.Ch. Haulstone Bob, a central figure. Initial interest in this case centres round the mating of the Golden Champion Haulstone Dan to Haulstone Jenny, an interbred bitch. Haulstone Jenny was a daughter of the Yellow Labrador F.T.Ch. Haylers Defender, ex Haulstone Rusty a Golden. From the Haulstone Dan - Haulstone Jenny combination there resulted Haulstone Joker and Jean of Lintrathen, neither of which, however, soared above the certificated division.
An auspicious juncture was reached when Haulstone Jenny was mated to the Golden, Call Boy of Woolley, as from this F.T.Ch. Haulstone Bob and Lizzie, also Pat of Lintrathen resulted. Haulstone Bob had a brilliant trial career extending over five seasons, during which he won 3 Open Stakes, 1 Non-Winner’s Event, scored two 2nd, five 3rds, and twice gained diplomas in the Championship Stake. He won the National Stake in 1932, being 2nd in the same event in 1934, scoring victories in the Open events at the Cheshire and Scottish Gun Dog Association in 1935.
Pat of Lintrathen scored two 2nds in the course of his career, Lizzie being placed 3rd on one occasion. Subsequently, Haulstone Jean, a sister of Haulstone Jenny, was mated to the Golden Ch. Haulstone Marker, Haulstone Janet winner of two 2nds and one 3rd resulting. F.T.Ch. Haulstone Larry, winner of the 1937 Championship Stake was two generations removed from the Haulstone Marker - Lizzie combination. A final note as far as this Kennel is concerned can surround Haulstone Jock, a winner during season 1937, which was by the Yellow Labrador Braeroy Rab ex Haulstone Linnet, a Golden.
Dr Stanton’s kennel supplied an auspicious instance where the Yellow Labrador sire and Golden dam combination yielded effective results. Folkingham Budge, a product of this combination, was 3rd at the Eastern Counties in 1923. In 1925 Folkingham Blanco, by Invergarry Sam, a Yellow Labrador, ex Folkingham Budge, was 2nd at the same fixture.
The ascent of Sir Henry Hoare to the ranks of interbred active participants marked another turning point to higher achievement. Following the emergence of Stourhead Graceful in 1925, this kennel took a tight grip on prosperity, several of its inmates gaining permanent fame. Stourhead Graceful was by a Flat-coat sire in Esmonian, ex the Labrador Stourhead Satan, heading the field in the Non-Winners Stake at the Dorset Trials in 1924 and being 2nd Open 1927. One of the star performers of the period emerged from this kennel in 1926 in F.T.Ch. Stourhead Nero, a son of Stourhead Satan, by Never, a Labrador. Stourhead Nero’s ascent to fame was immediate, being placed 2nd in both stakes at the Dorset fixture in his first season and, over 4 years, he won the All-aged Stake twice, being placed 2nd on two other occasions, fitting testimony to both capacity and consistency. Stourhead Nero’s score sheet also included 3rd Western Counties and he took the title in this third season.
The 1927 Dorset meeting was historic with the group holding all opposition effectively in subjection, registering two 1sts and two 2nds in the two stakes embodied in the card. The meeting brought to light a trial contestant of high merit in The Late Sir G Thursby’s Bramshaw Gloss, the sire of which was a noted Labrador Dual Championship Banchory Sunspeck, her dam being Twinkle of Faskally, a daughter of Start. On her initial appearance, Bramshaw Gloss won the Non-Winners event and was 2nd Equal Open Stake.
Mr B Yeowards Stanthorne Serula, by a Labrador sire, ex a cross-bred dam, graduated at the Cheshire trials in 1927, winning the All-aged event at this fixture in 1929 and was 2nd at the West Midland in 1930.
Eight years later Mr H Peacock brought out a daughter of Stanthorne Serula, in Greatford Quickstep, by the Labrador Twister. Greatford Quickstep qualified in her second season, winning Open Stakes at the Scottish Field Trials Association and Midland Counties.
Three trial contestants under this heading also captured prominence at the meetings of the Ulster Gundog League. In 1923 The Hon. H Mulholland’s Woodspeen Judy, by a Labrador sire, ex a Flat-coat dam, was placed 3rd. The same position was filled by another in Mr W Lamont’s Kirkmichael Don in 1924.
Nine years later Mr P Taylor’s Barrock Fin, by a cross-bred sire, ex a Flat-coat bitch, was placed 3rd. The prominence demanded must also be accorded three performances at Branch Meetings of the Utility Gundog Society.
Mr L Wooton’s Nation, a product of the Labrador
sire Flat-coat dam combination, won at the
Wilts. Branch and was 3rd Cup Finals in 1933. At the Hants. Branch, victories
in successive years – 1924-1925 – were registered by two under a similar
heading in Mr G Pile’s Peatress, and Mr J Buckingham’s Ben of Ridge. In
1934 Captain H F H Hardy’s Melange Jean, by the Golden
Yellow Boy, ex Jane Petch, a cross-bred, was 3rd at the Eastern Counties.